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• Cultures of all ages used dance and music within the context of ritual acts to enable people to reach a state of trance and thereby to enter other levels of conscious.

• During the trance-like dance the body moves to a large extent automatically without being controlled by the intellect. At the same time tensions are dissolved and the perception is intensified. Journeys into the deepest inside are experienced as well as the merging with the music.

• To induce the transition into a trance-like state mostly constant, long lasting rhythms are used in drum rituals as well as in the techno music. Their vibrations cause activities in the brain that are related to those during meditation and dream-like sleep.

• Furthermore endorphins are released in the brain that cause an euphoric happiness as well as partly an insensitiveness towards pains.

• Trance plays an important role in many shamanic rituals. Thereby the release of previously unused energies and the modified access to the unconscious are purposefully used for the healing of diseases.

• In the Western culture the experience of trance-like states that defy the control by the intellect was tabooed for a long time. Against these social norms that were at last hostile to enjoyment in particular some youth cultures opposed a modified perception of their own body which was particularly reflected in dance.